Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance in Denver Colorado

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Navigating Charges of Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance

This page is designed to get rid of the clutter in handling Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance, so that you can focus on the details that matter in your case. Remember that this page is for informational purposes only. If you would like to speak with a Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney to address your legal issues, call 303-586-1731.

Navigating Your Criminal Case

Laying the Groundwork for your Case

Get OrganizedAs soon as you are charged with a crime, you will need to take care of some details to get your case moving in the right direction. These foundational things include interviewing lawyers, hiring one, and beginning to prepare your case with the lawyer. Here are some useful articles on

Once you get through those introductory tasks, you will be ready to move onto the interesting parts of preparing your case.

So let’s get started!

Get to know the Strengths and Weaknesses of Your Case

After you have hired a Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney, you will need to sit down with him to talk about the strengths and weaknesses of your case.  To begin this process, you should think about what the prosecutor will attempt to show in order to say that you are guilty. This will allow you to get a better idea of how you can attack the prosecutor’s case and build your own case. So to begin, you should understand that the prosecutor will need to prove certain things beyond a reasonable doubt for you to be found guilty.  These things are called “elements”.

The jury will be notified of the elements through a set of instructions called “Jury Instructions.” The Jury Instructions are a set of instructions crafted by your attorney and the prosecutor that will provide the law to the jury that they must use when deciding your case. Your Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney will mold the jury instructions to your case, adding facts that are specific to the case and omitting unnecessary parts of the instructions.

Please find the model jury instruction for Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance below. These will be adapted by your Denver Colorado Attorney for your case.

The elements of the crime of [distribution] [manufacturing] [dispensing] [sale] [possession with intent to (distribute) (manufacture) (dispense) (sell)] a controlled substance are: 1. That the defendant, 2. in the State of Colorado, at or about the date and place charged, 3. knowingly, 4. [[distributed] [manufactured] [dispensed] [sold] [possessed with intent to (distribute) (manufacture) (dispense) (sell)], with or without remuneration,] -or- [4. [induced] [attempted to induce] [conspired with] one or more persons to 5. [distribute] [manufacture] [dispense] [sell] [possess with intent to (distribute) (manufacture) (dispense) (sell)], with or without remuneration,]] 5 or 6. The controlled substance(s) _______________________ ___________________________________________________________ (Insert the name of a controlled substance from Schedules I through V) [6. or 7 without the affirmative defense in instruction number ________ .] After considering all the evidence, if you decide the prosecution has proven each of the elements beyond a reasonable doubt, you should find the defendant guilty of [distribution] [manufacturing] [dispensing] [sale] [possession with intent to (distribute) (manufacture) (dispense) (sell)] a controlled substance. After considering all the evidence, if you decide the prosecution has failed to prove any one or more of the elements beyond a reasonable doubt, you should find the defendant not guilty of [distribution] [manufacturing] [dispensing] [sale] [possession with intent to (distribute) (manufacture) (dispense) (sell) a controlled substance of a controlled substance. NOTES ON USE When this instruction is used, the applicable definitions of ?knowingly?, ?with intent?, ?controlled substance?, ?dispense?, ?distribution?, ?manufacture?, ?remuneration? and ?sale? must be given.

To begin the process of analyzing your case, think about your case from the perspective of the prosecutor.  Think about the facts that the prosecutor will have to prove to establish each element. Next, sit down with your Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney and talk about some of the legal ways that you can use to counter the prosecutor’s evidence.  Talk to your attorney about whether he thinks any of the prosecutor’s evidence can be kept out of court.  For example, if you were illegally searched, your attorney may be able to keep the things that were found, as a result of that illegal search, out of court.  Additionally, talk to your attorney about whether you have any defenses to Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance.

Consider Outside Factors that can Influence Your Case

Outside Factors that can Influence Your CaseYour Denver Colorado Judge and Jury will form opinions well before they hear the evidence in your case.  You should try to understand these opinions before you decide whether to go to trial or take a plea so that you can better assess the strengths and weaknesses of your case.  Additionally, if you decide to go to trial, you can use these factors to help identify a jury that is appropriate for your case.

Crime Trends in Denver Colorado:

Trends play an important role in the way a community perceives a crime. For example, if the charges you are facing are occurring more and more often in the community, then the community may have a growing interest in pursuing those crimes.

For a Criminal Defense Attorney, a rising crime rate may signal the need to argue for different types of penalties. For example, if the prosecutor has consistently asked for jail for your charges, it may be beneficial for your attorney to use crime trends to show the prosecutor that there is a need for alternative jail sentences (such as rehab, probation, or other options). You should always talk to your criminal defense attorney to decide what the best strategy will be for your case and whether recent statistics can be used to help you.

Below you will find crime statistics for crimes similar to yours, occurring in Denver . You should also consider statistics for the County of Denver.

Crime: Sale or Manufacturing Drugs

Arrests:

On a broader scale, you should consider the number of arrests for charges similar to yours and all of the types of crimes that a court typically sees.  This broader overview of the criminal activity in your area will give you more insight into the issues that the court is dealing with and what the main problems in the community are. If you can talk about issues that are important to the judge and the community in a way that shows your awareness for those issues and your desire not to be part of the problem, then you can put yourself in a better negotiating position with the prosecutor and the judge.

Crime Arrests
All Offenses 10241
Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter 35
Forcible Rape 93
Robbery 339
Aggravated Assault 972
Burglary 681
Larceny-Theft 874
Motor Vehicle Theft 367
Arson 11
Other Assaults 1095
Forgery and Counterfeiting 110
Fraud 128
Embezzlement 24
Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, Possessing 58
Vandalism 438
Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 217
Prostitution and Commercialized Vice 14
Sex Offense (except forcible rape and prostitution) 158
Drug Abuse Violations -Total 1570
     Sale-Manufacturing-Total 518
     Possession-SubTotal 1052
Gambling 2
Offenses Against the Family and Children 171
Driving Under the Influence 3
Liquor Laws 10
Drunkenness 0
Disorderly Conduct 41
Vagrancy 5
All Other Offenses (except traffic) 1169
Suspicion 0
Curfew and Loitering Law Violations 39
Runaways 1617
Violent Crime Index 1439
Property Crime Index 1933

Population and Race in Denver Cases

Listed below is data dealing with the percentage of each racial group that appears in Denver and the percentage that the racial group appears in Court. When looking at racial data, you should compare your situation to the expectations that these statistics create in Denver .

For example, if your race is seen less frequently in the criminal justice system than it is seen outside the criminal justice system, this could have an effect on your case. Likewise, if your race is seen more often in the criminal justice system than it is seen outside the criminal justice system, this could have an effect on your case.

You should talk to your Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney about how the racial trends in your county could effect your case. Racial trends can be used to your advantage depending on how citizens of Denver perceive race and the stereotypes of your community. It is important to have a discussion with your Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Attorney about how racial perceptions and stereotypes can help or hurt your case.

Denver  County Colorado Population Demographics by Race Denver Police Dept County Colorado Arrest Demographics by Race

  White Black AINA API
Percentage of Race in the Population 68.9% 10.2% 1.4% 3.5%
Percentage of Crimes by Race 69.93% 28.4% 0.76% 0.92%

Education

When preparing your case for trial, you should be aware of the life experiences and educational background of your potential jurors. The way that your arguments are presented to the jury may depend on the life experiences and educational background of the jury. You should have a discussion with your Colorado Criminal Lawyer about the types of arguments that you should make in your county and the way that your evidence should be presented to make sure it reaches the jury in the best light possible.

High School Graduates College Graduates
84.0% 40.1%

How Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance in Denver is portrayed in the News

When you are preparing your case, it is always a good practice to know about recent news that is similar to your case. Recent news will inevitably have an influence on your jury. If your type of crime is being portrayed often, and in a negative light, this is an issue that will have to be overcome during jury selection. Likewise, if the crime is not being portrayed often, or is being portrayed in a positive light, you can use this to your advantage. Always talk to your criminal defense attorney about how recent news could effect your case.

Here is how your crime is currently being portrayed in the media. This information comes from Google News for Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance in Denver Colorado.


Think like a Judge

Denver Judges

In a criminal case, the Judge plays a monumental role in ensuring that you receive a fair trial. Judicial tendencies can have negative and positive impacts on your Colorado Criminal Case. In order to better understand judicial tendencies and inform the citizens of Colorado, the State of Colorado conducts surveys on each Judge to see how the population perceives its Judges. These surveys are available to the public. You should take the time to talk to your Colorado Criminal Lawyer about your judge in particular and how his tendencies have effected previous cases so that you can prepare your arguments accordingly.

If you are interested in seeing how your Judge performed in his or her last survey, click on your Judge from the list below.

Judges in Judicial DISTRICT 2

The Honorable Aleene Ortiz-White
The Honorable Alfred C. Harrell
The Honorable Andre L. Rudolph
The Honorable Andrew S. Armatas
The Honorable Anne Mansfield
The Honorable Claudia J. Jordan
The Honorable Doris E. Burd
The Honorable John M. Marcucci
The Honorable John Madden
The Honorable Larry J. Naves
The Honorable Martin F. Egelhoff
The Honorable Robert B. Crew
The Honorable Robert L. McGahey, Jr.
The Honorable Robert S. Hyatt
The Honorable Sheila Ann Rappaport
The Honorable Brian Whitney
The Honorable C. Jean Stewart
The Honorable David B. Woods
The Honorable Donna J. Schmalberger
The Honorable Edward D. Bronfin
The Honorable Herbert L. Stern, III
The Honorable Michael A. Martinez
The Honorable Norman D. Haglund
The Honorable William D. Robbins
The Honorable William W. Hood, III
The Honorable Brian T. Campbell
The Honorable Clarisse Gonzales
The Honorable James B. Breese
The Honorable Johnny C. Barajas
The Honorable Larry L. Bohning
The Honorable Mary Celeste
The Honorable Raymond Satter


Statute for 18 – 18 – 405 – Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance

StatuteBefore you decide whether you have a strong or weak case, you should also take the time to look at the language of the crime that you have been charged with. 

18-18-405. Unlawful distribution, manufacturing, dispensing, or sale

(1) (a) Except as authorized by part 1 of article 42.5 of title 12, C.R.S., part 2 of article 80 of title 27, C.R.S., or part 2 or 3 of this article, it is unlawful for any person knowingly to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, or to possess with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, a controlled substance; or induce, attempt to induce, or conspire with one or more other persons, to manufacture, dispense, sell, distribute, or possess with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, a controlled substance; or possess one or more chemicals or supplies or equipment with intent to manufacture a controlled substance.

(b) As used in this subsection (1), “dispense” does not include labeling, as defined in section 12-42.5-102 (18), C.R.S.

(2) (a) Except as is otherwise provided for offenses concerning marijuana and marijuana concentrate in section 18-18-406 and for offenses involving minors in section 18-18-407 (1) (g), any person who violates any of the provisions of subsection (1) of this section:

(I) In the case of a controlled substance listed in schedule I or II of part 2 of this article, commits:

(A) A class 3 felony; or

(B) A class 2 felony, if the violation is committed subsequent to a prior conviction in this or any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of a violation to which this subparagraph (I) applies or would apply if convicted in this state;

(II) In the case of a controlled substance listed in schedule III of part 2 of this article, commits:

(A) A class 4 felony; or

(B) A class 3 felony, if the violation is committed subsequent to any prior conviction in this or any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of a violation to which subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a) or this subparagraph (II) applies or would apply if convicted in this state;

(III) In the case of a controlled substance listed in schedule IV of part 2 of this article, commits:

(A) A class 5 felony; or

(B) A class 4 felony, if the violation is committed subsequent to a prior conviction in this or any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of a violation to which subparagraph (I) or (II) of this paragraph (a) or this subparagraph (III) applies or would apply if convicted in this state;

(IV) In the case of a controlled substance listed in schedule V of part 2 of this article, commits:

(A) A class 1 misdemeanor; or

(B) A class 5 felony, if the violation is committed subsequent to any prior conviction in this or any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of a violation to which subparagraph (I), (II), or (III) of this paragraph (a) or this subparagraph (IV) applies or would apply if convicted in this state.

(b) Repealed.

(2.1) Repealed.

(2.3) (a) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2010, (HB 10-1352), ch. 259, p. 1163, § 3, effective August 11, 2010.)

(b) Repealed.

(2.5) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (III) of paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section, a person who violates the provisions of subsection (1) of this section with regard to flunitrazepam or ketamine commits a class 3 felony; except that the person commits a class 2 felony if the violation is committed subsequent to a prior conviction in this or any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States of a violation involving flunitrazepam or ketamine or to which subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section applies or would apply if convicted in this state.

(b) Any person convicted of violating the provisions of subsection (1) of this section with regard to flunitrazepam or ketamine shall be subject to the mandatory sentencing provisions of subsection (3) of this section.

(c) Repealed.

(2.6) Repealed.

(3) (a) Unless a greater sentence is required pursuant to the provisions of another statute, any person convicted pursuant to subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section for knowingly manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, or inducing, attempting to induce, or conspiring with one or more other persons, to manufacture, dispense, sell, distribute, or possess with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute an amount that is or has been represented to be:

(I) At least twenty-five grams or one ounce but less than four hundred fifty grams of any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains a schedule I or schedule II controlled substance as listed in section 18-18-203 or 18-18-204 shall be sentenced to the department of corrections for at least the minimum term of incarceration in the presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) with regard to offenses other than manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, and for at least the minimum term of incarceration in the presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) as modified pursuant to section 18-1.3-401 (10) with regard to manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute;

(II) At least four hundred fifty grams or one pound but less than one thousand grams of any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains a schedule I or schedule II controlled substance as listed in section 18-18-203 or 18-18-204 shall be sentenced to the department of corrections for a term of at least the midpoint of the presumptive range but not more than twice the maximum presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) with regard to offenses other than manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, and for a term of at least the midpoint of the presumptive range but not more than twice the maximum presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) as modified pursuant to section 18-1.3-401 (10) with regard to manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute;

(III) One thousand grams or one kilogram or more of any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains a schedule I or schedule II controlled substance as listed in section 18-18-203 or 18-18-204 shall be sentenced to the department of corrections for a term greater than the maximum presumptive range but not more than twice the maximum presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) with regard to offenses other than manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute, and for a term greater than the maximum presumptive range but not more than twice the maximum presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) as modified pursuant to section 18-1.3-401 (10) with regard to manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute.

(b) In addition to any other penalty imposed under this subsection (3), upon conviction, a person who violates this subsection (3) shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars but not more than five hundred thousand dollars. For offenses committed on or after July 1, 1985, the fine shall be in an amount within the presumptive range set out in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) (III).

(3.5) The felony offense of unlawfully manufacturing, dispensing, selling, distributing, or possessing with intent to unlawfully manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute a controlled substance is an extraordinary risk crime that is subject to the modified presumptive sentencing range specified in section 18-1.3-401 (10).

(4) Repealed.

(5) When a person commits unlawful distribution, manufacture, dispensing, sale, or possession with intent to manufacture, dispense, sell, or distribute any schedule I or schedule II controlled substance, as listed in section 18-18-203 or 18-18-204, flunitrazepam, or ketamine, pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, twice or more within a period of six months, without having been placed in jeopardy for the prior offense or offenses, and the aggregate amount of the schedule I or schedule II controlled substance, flunitrazepam, or ketamine involved equals or exceeds twenty-five grams, the defendant shall be sentenced pursuant to the mandatory sentencing requirements specified in subsection (3) of this section.

(6) Repealed.

(7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of this section, and except as otherwise provided in sub-subparagraph (B) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of subsection (2) or paragraph (a) of subsection (2.5) of this section, a person who violates subsection (1) of this section by selling, dispensing, or distributing a controlled substance other than marijuana or marijuana concentrate to a minor under eighteen years of age and who is at least eighteen years of age and at least two years older than the minor commits a class 3 felony and, unless a greater sentence is provided under any other statute, shall be sentenced to the department of corrections for a term of at least the minimum, but not more than twice the maximum, of the presumptive range provided for such offense in section 18-1.3-401 (1) (a) as modified pursuant to section 18-1.3-401 (10).

Case Law

When you look at the Statute, you may have questions about definitions of certain words or how the Denver Court will interpret certain phrases.  To answer these questions, Criminal Defense Attorney turn to "case law."  That is, lawyer’s look at previous cases to determine how these words and phrases should be defined and interpreted. The best way to locate caselaw for free is to go to google scholar and search for legal opinions involving your charges from Colorado courts. Remember to talk to your attorney about any issues in your case and how the lawyer believes that the issues should be handled.


Colorado Penalties for Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance

Penalties

The charge of Distribution, Manufacturing, Dispensing, Sale, Or Possession With Intent To Distribute, Manufacture, Dispense Or Sell A Controlled Substance, is categorized as a:

F3, for schedule I or II controlled substance
F4, for schedule III controlled substance
F5, for a schedule IV controlled substance, except
flunitrazepam which is F3
M1, for a schedule V controlled substance
The degree of felony increases upon second or
subsequent convictions and in cases where certain
quantities are possessed, manufactured or transferred.

Click here to find out how much jail time is associated with this penalty.

Important Notes:

Don’t Forget about Immigration:

If you are not a U.S. citizen, be sure to ask your attorney whether your charges will trigger deportation if you are found guilty or plea to the charge.

The information in this post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or as the creation of an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice, please contact an Attorney.

Written by

Nathaniel has worked in criminal law on both sides of the aisle spending time working for the prosecution as well as the defense. Most recently Nathaniel has represented individuals in violent felonies and drug cases. Prior to this work, Nathaniel handled DWIs, Domestic Violence Cases, Property Crimes, and White Collar Crimes. On the prosecutorial side, Nathaniel has most notably worked in Bosnia helping to prosecute individuals who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Bosnian War from 1993-1995. In particular, Nathaniel helped in the prosecution of military leaders who arranged for the organized murders and rapes of innocent civilians in various towns in Bosnia. Nathaniel is a graduate of the University of Texas School of Law, Northwestern University, and Phillips Exeter Academy. Google Profile: Nathaniel Baca