Navigating Charges of Computer Crime
This page is designed to get rid of the clutter in handling Computer Crime, so that you can focus on the details that matter in your case. Remember that this page is for informational purposes only. If you would like to speak with a Denver CO Criminal Defense Attorney to address your legal issues, call 303-586-1731.
- Understanding Your Case
- Crime Trends in Denver Colorado for Computer Crime
- Think like a Judge
- Statute for Computer Crime
- Penalties for Computer Crime
As soon as you are charged with a crime, you will need to take care of some details to get your case moving in the right direction. These foundational things include interviewing lawyers, hiring one, and beginning to prepare your case with the lawyer. Here are some useful articles on
- Hiring an Denver CO Criminal Defense Attorney
- Talking to your Criminal Defense Attorney
- Take steps to improve your situation
Once you get through those introductory tasks, you will be ready to move onto the interesting parts of preparing your case.
So let’s get started!
After you have hired a Denver CO Criminal Defense Attorney, you will need to sit down with him to talk about the strengths and weaknesses of your case. To begin this process, you should think about what the prosecutor will attempt to show in order to say that you are guilty. This will allow you to get a better idea of how you can attack the prosecutor’s case and build your own case. So to begin, you should understand that the prosecutor will need to prove certain things beyond a reasonable doubt for you to be found guilty. These things are called “elements”.
The jury will be notified of the elements through a set of instructions called “Jury Instructions.” The Jury Instructions are a set of instructions crafted by your attorney and the prosecutor that will provide the law to the jury that they must use when deciding your case. Your Denver CO Criminal Defense Attorney will mold the jury instructions to your case, adding facts that are specific to the case and omitting unnecessary parts of the instructions.
Please find the model jury instruction for Computer Crime below. These will be adapted by your Denver CO Attorney for your case.
The elements of the crime of computer crime are: 1. That the defendant, 2. in the State of Colorado, at or about the date and place charged, 3. [accessed any computer, computer network or computer system, or any part thereof for the purpose of devising or executing any scheme or artifice to defraud, and] -or- [accessed any computer, computer network or computer system, or any part thereof, to obtain by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, promises: [money] [property] [services] [other thing of value] [passwords or similar information through which a computer, computer network or computer system or any part thereof may be accessed], and,] -or- [accessed any computer, computer network or computer system or any part thereof to commit theft, and] -or- [without authorization or in excess of authorized access, altered, damaged, interrupted or caused the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of or caused any damage to any [computer] [computer network] [computer system] [computer software, program, application, documentation or data contained in such computer, computer network or computer system or any part thereof], and] -or[ caused the transmission of a computer program, software, information, code, data or command by means of a computer, computer network or computer system or any part thereof [with the intent to cause damage to or cause the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of] [that actually caused damage to or the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of any computer, computer network, computer system or part thereof,] and] 4. the [loss] [damage] [value of services or thing of value taken] [cost of restoration or repair] was [less than $500] [$500 or more but less than $1,000] [$1,000 or more but less than $20,000] [$20,000 or more]. -orthe [loss] [damage] [value of services or thing of value taken] [cost of restoration or repair] was [less than $100] [$100 or more but less than $500] [$500 or more but less than $15,000] [$15000 or more]. 5. [without the affirmative defense in instruction number _____.] After considering all the evidence, if you decide the prosecution has proven each of the elements beyond a reasonable doubt, you should find the defendant guilty of computer crime. After considering all the evidence, if you decide the prosecution has failed to prove any one or more of the elements beyond a reasonable doubt, you should find the defendant not guilty of computer crime. NOTES ON USE The values changed for offenses committed on or after July 1, 2007. Delete inapplicable bracketed material. When this instruction is used, the applicable definitions of ?authorization?, ?computer?, ?computer network?, ?computer program?, ?computer software?, ?computer system?, ?damage?, ?exceed authorized access?, ?financial instrument?, ?property?, ?services? and ?use? must be given. When ? 18-5.5-102(1)(d), C.R.S. is charged, the elements of the crime of theft must be given.
To begin the process of analyzing your case, think about your case from the perspective of the prosecutor. Think about the facts that the prosecutor will have to prove to establish each element. Next, sit down with your Denver CO Criminal Defense Attorney and talk about some of the legal ways that you can use to counter the prosecutor’s evidence. Talk to your attorney about whether he thinks any of the prosecutor’s evidence can be kept out of court. For example, if you were illegally searched, your attorney may be able to keep the things that were found, as a result of that illegal search, out of court. Additionally, talk to your attorney about whether you have any defenses to Computer Crime.
Consider Outside Factors that can Influence Your Case
Your Denver CO Judge and Jury will form opinions well before they hear the evidence in your case. You should try to understand these opinions before you decide whether to go to trial or take a plea so that you can better assess the strengths and weaknesses of your case. Additionally, if you decide to go to trial, you can use these factors to help identify a jury that is appropriate for your case.
Crime Trends in Denver Colorado:
Trends play an important role in the way a community perceives a crime. For example, if the charges you are facing are occurring more and more often in the community, then the community may have a growing interest in pursuing those crimes.
For a Defense Attorney, a rising crime rate may signal the need to argue for different types of penalties. For example, if the prosecutor has consistently asked for jail for your charges, it may be beneficial for your attorney to use crime trends to show the prosecutor that there is a need for alternative jail sentences (such as rehab, probation, or other options). You should always talk to your criminal defense attorney to decide what the best strategy will be for your case and whether recent statistics can be used to help you.
Below you will find crime statistics for crimes similar to yours, occurring in Denver . You should also consider statistics for the County of Denver.
On a broader scale, you should consider the number of arrests for charges similar to yours and all of the types of crimes that a court typically sees. This broader overview of the criminal activity in your area will give you more insight into the issues that the court is dealing with and what the main problems in the community are. If you can talk about issues that are important to the judge and the community in a way that shows your awareness for those issues and your desire not to be part of the problem, then you can put yourself in a better negotiating position with the prosecutor and the judge.
|Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter||35|
|Motor Vehicle Theft||367|
|Forgery and Counterfeiting||110|
|Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, Possessing||58|
|Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc.||217|
|Prostitution and Commercialized Vice||14|
|Sex Offense (except forcible rape and prostitution)||158|
|Drug Abuse Violations -Total||1570|
|Offenses Against the Family and Children||171|
|Driving Under the Influence||3|
|All Other Offenses (except traffic)||1169|
|Curfew and Loitering Law Violations||39|
|Violent Crime Index||1439|
|Property Crime Index||1933|
Population and Race in Denver Cases
Listed below is data dealing with the percentage of each racial group that appears in Denver and the percentage that the racial group appears in Court. When looking at racial data, you should compare your situation to the expectations that these statistics create in Denver .
For example, if your race is seen less frequently in the criminal justice system than it is seen outside the criminal justice system, this could have an effect on your case. Likewise, if your race is seen more often in the criminal justice system than it is seen outside the criminal justice system, this could have an effect on your case.
You should talk to your CO Defense Attorney about how the racial trends in your county could effect your case. Racial trends can be used to your advantage depending on how citizens of Denver perceive race and the stereotypes of your community. It is important to have a discussion with your CO Defense Attorney about how racial perceptions and stereotypes can help or hurt your case.
|Percentage of Race in the Population||68.9%||10.2%||1.4%||3.5%|
|Percentage of Crimes by Race||69.93%||28.4%||0.76%||0.92%|
When preparing your case for trial, you should be aware of the life experiences and educational background of your potential jurors. The way that your arguments are presented to the jury may depend on the life experiences and educational background of the jury. You should have a discussion with your Colorado Criminal Lawyer about the types of arguments that you should make in your county and the way that your evidence should be presented to make sure it reaches the jury in the best light possible.
|High School Graduates||College Graduates|
How Computer Crime in Denver is portrayed in the News
When you are preparing your case, it is always a good practice to know about recent news that is similar to your case. Recent news will inevitably have an influence on your jury. If your type of crime is being portrayed often, and in a negative light, this is an issue that will have to be overcome during jury selection. Likewise, if the crime is not being portrayed often, or is being portrayed in a positive light, you can use this to your advantage. Always talk to your criminal defense attorney about how recent news could effect your case.
Here is how your crime is currently being portrayed in the media. This information comes from Google News for Computer Crime in Denver Colorado.
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- Court records: Utah suspect admitted killing Colorado man – Greeley Tribune
- Police arrest man sought in deaths in Utah, Colorado – The Denver Post
- The Home Front: 'Please do something about this,' say rural … – The Colorado Independent
- Podcast Profiles: Josh Mattison of Denver Orbit – Westword
In a criminal case, the Judge plays a monumental role in ensuring that you receive a fair trial. Judicial tendencies can have negative and positive impacts on your Colorado Criminal Case. In order to better understand judicial tendencies and inform the citizens of Colorado, the State of Colorado conducts surveys on each Judge to see how the population perceives its Judges. These surveys are available to the public. You should take the time to talk to your Colorado Criminal Lawyer about your judge in particular and how his tendencies have effected previous cases so that you can prepare your arguments accordingly.
If you are interested in seeing how your Judge performed in his or her last survey, click on your Judge from the list below.
Judges in Judicial DISTRICT 2
The Honorable Aleene Ortiz-White
The Honorable Alfred C. Harrell
The Honorable Andre L. Rudolph
The Honorable Andrew S. Armatas
The Honorable Anne Mansfield
The Honorable Claudia J. Jordan
The Honorable Doris E. Burd
The Honorable John M. Marcucci
The Honorable John Madden
The Honorable Larry J. Naves
The Honorable Martin F. Egelhoff
The Honorable Robert B. Crew
The Honorable Robert L. McGahey, Jr.
The Honorable Robert S. Hyatt
The Honorable Sheila Ann Rappaport
The Honorable Brian Whitney
The Honorable C. Jean Stewart
The Honorable David B. Woods
The Honorable Donna J. Schmalberger
The Honorable Edward D. Bronfin
The Honorable Herbert L. Stern, III
The Honorable Michael A. Martinez
The Honorable Norman D. Haglund
The Honorable William D. Robbins
The Honorable William W. Hood, III
The Honorable Brian T. Campbell
The Honorable Clarisse Gonzales
The Honorable James B. Breese
The Honorable Johnny C. Barajas
The Honorable Larry L. Bohning
The Honorable Mary Celeste
The Honorable Raymond Satter
Statute for 18 – 5.5 – 102 – Computer Crime
Before you decide whether you have a strong or weak case, you should also take the time to look at the language of the crime that you have been charged with.
18-5.5-102. Computer crime
(1) A person commits computer crime if the person knowingly:
(a) Accesses a computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof without authorization; exceeds authorized access to a computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof; or uses a computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof without authorization or in excess of authorized access; or
(b) Accesses any computer, computer network, or computer system, or any part thereof for the purpose of devising or executing any scheme or artifice to defraud; or
(c) Accesses any computer, computer network, or computer system, or any part thereof to obtain, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, money; property; services; passwords or similar information through which a computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof may be accessed; or other thing of value; or
(d) Accesses any computer, computer network, or computer system, or any part thereof to commit theft; or
(e) Without authorization or in excess of authorized access alters, damages, interrupts, or causes the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of, or causes any damage to, any computer, computer network, computer system, computer software, program, application, documentation, or data contained in such computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof; or
(f) Causes the transmission of a computer program, software, information, code, data, or command by means of a computer, computer network, or computer system or any part thereof with the intent to cause damage to or to cause the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of or that actually causes damage to or the interruption or impairment of the proper functioning of any computer, computer network, computer system, or part thereof; or
(g) Uses or causes to be used a software application that runs automated tasks over the internet to access a computer, computer network, or computer system, or any part thereof, that circumvents or disables any electronic queues, waiting periods, or other technological measure intended by the seller to limit the number of event tickets that may be purchased by any single person in an on-line event ticket sale as defined in section 6-1-720, C.R.S.
(2) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2000, p. 695, § 8, effective July 1, 2000.)
(3) (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subsection (3), if the loss, damage, value of services, or thing of value taken, or cost of restoration or repair caused by a violation of this section is less than five hundred dollars, computer crime is a class 2 misdemeanor; if five hundred dollars or more but less than one thousand dollars, computer crime is a class 1 misdemeanor; if one thousand dollars or more but less than twenty thousand dollars, computer crime is a class 4 felony; if twenty thousand dollars or more, computer crime is a class 3 felony.
(b) Computer crime committed in violation of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section is a class 2 misdemeanor; except that, if the person has previously been convicted under this section, a previous version of this section, or a statute of another state of similar content and purport, computer crime committed in violation of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section is a class 6 felony.
(c) (I) Computer crime committed in violation of paragraph (g) of subsection (1) of this section is a class 1 misdemeanor.
(II) If computer crime is committed to obtain event tickets, each ticket purchased shall constitute a separate offense.
(III) Paragraph (g) of subsection (1) of this section shall not prohibit the resale of tickets in a secondary market by a person other than the event sponsor or promoter.
(d) Consistent with section 18-1-202, a prosecution for a violation of paragraph (g) of subsection (1) of this section may be tried in the county where the event has been, or will be, held.
When you look at the Statute, you may have questions about definitions of certain words or how the Denver Court will interpret certain phrases. To answer these questions, Criminal Defense Attorney turn to "case law." That is, lawyer’s look at previous cases to determine how these words and phrases should be defined and interpreted. The best way to locate caselaw for free is to go to google scholar and search for legal opinions involving your charges from Colorado courts. Remember to talk to your attorney about any issues in your case and how the lawyer believes that the issues should be handled.
Colorado Penalties for Computer Crime
The charge of Computer Crime, is categorized as a:
F3, damage equal to or greater than $20,000
F4, damage $1,000 to $20,000
M1, damage $500 to $1,000
M2, damage less than $500
F3, damage equal to or greater than $15,000
F4, damage $500 to $15,000
M2, damage $100 to $500
M3, damage less than $100
Click here to find out how much jail time is associated with this penalty.
Don’t Forget about Immigration:
If you are not a U.S. citizen, be sure to ask your attorney whether your charges will trigger deportation if you are found guilty or plea to the charge.
The information in this post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or as the creation of an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice, please contact an Attorney.